Enhancement the Agglutination of Erythrocytes in Blood Typing Test by Acousto-Optic Technique

  • Farah Mohammed Ali Biomedical Engineering Department, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Jamal A. Hasan Biomedical Engineering Department, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Eman Ghadhban Khalil Biomedical Engineering Department, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
Keywords: Erythrocytes Agglutination, Blood Group Typing, Acousto-Optics, Image Processing

Abstract

A proposed modern technique for determination the blood group typing by monitoring the agglutination of red blood cells using acousto-optical technique and digital camera. The method based on analysis the digital image of the agglutination process by MATLAB software.

We present an overview of two acousto-optic sensing approaches; the first demonstrates the cuvette approach while the second is the microscope slide approach. The cuvette approach digital image analyzing depends on the green channel distribution of the original image and count the brighten pixels, while the microscope slide approach passes through series of algorithms started with grayscale filter and end with edge detection it counts the different color pixels.

The experimental result shown that it is possible to enhance the determination of blood group typing by using acousto-optical technique in both cases of using isohemagglutinating sera as well as the crossmatch test in a short time and high efficiency compared with the traditional methods.

Published
2020-12-24
How to Cite
Ali, F., Hasan, J., & Khalil, E. (2020). Enhancement the Agglutination of Erythrocytes in Blood Typing Test by Acousto-Optic Technique. Al-Nahrain Journal for Engineering Sciences, 23(4), 365-370. https://doi.org/10.29194/NJES.23040365