Evaluation of Surface Roughness of 316L Stainless Steel Substrate on Nanohydroxyapatite by Electrophoretic Deposition

  • Mohammed Jasim Kadhim Department of Production Engineering and Metallurgy, University of Technology, Baghdad-Iraq
  • Nawal Ezzat Abdulateef Department of Production Engineering and Metallurgy, University of Technology, Baghdad-Iraq
  • Makarim Hazim Abdulkareem Department of Production Engineering and Metallurgy, University of Technology, Baghdad-Iraq
Keywords: Electrophoretic deposition, Hydroxyapatite, Nanocomposite, Chitosan, Adhesion

Abstract

The present work was designed on producing nanohydroxyapatite layers using electrophoretic deposition (EPD) on 316L stainless steel substrate.  The EPD coatings were prepared by the deposition of hydroxyapatite (HA)-chitosan nanocomposites on different substrate roughness (polish surface, 220 grit SiC grind, and sand blast surfaces).  Depositions were performed using the suspensions of HA nano particles (3 g/L) in the mixture of alcohol and distilled water (ethanol, 5 vol. %water and containing 0.5 g/L of chitosan dissolved in 1 vol.% acetic acid.  Coatings were achieved on the cathode at constant voltage, time and temperature (90 V, 5 min and 40 °C respectively); the  pH value was performed and fitted at 4.  After deposition, the coated samples were dried at room temperature for 24 h.  The surface topography of coatings was analyzed using atomic force microscopy (AFM).  SEM was used to postulate both the surface and the cross section morphology of the coatings.  The adhesion bonding between the deposited coatings and substrate were measured using tape tester to evaluate the adhesion bonding between the coating and substrate.  The results showed the deposited coatings on sand blasted substrate has less porosity compared with the polish surface and 220 emery paper SiC grinding substrate respectively.  The coating on the sand blasted substrate showed higher nanoroughness (122 nm), better adhesion bonding (removal area 15%) and higher thickness layer (12 µm) than that of the polish substrate and 220 emery paper SiC grinding substrate.

Published
2018-02-10
How to Cite
Kadhim, M., Abdulateef, N., & Abdulkareem, M. (2018). Evaluation of Surface Roughness of 316L Stainless Steel Substrate on Nanohydroxyapatite by Electrophoretic Deposition. Al-Nahrain Journal for Engineering Sciences, 21(1), 28-35. https://doi.org/10.29194/NJES21010028